The 9 main components of a varied home security system
Home security isn’t just about installing alarms and surveillance cameras. There is a lot more to do before you can say that your home is completely secure. Today, we will look at the nine main components of a varied home security system.
1. The control panel
This is the starting point of any home security system. It is the heartbeat of the rest of the security system. If the control panel fails, then the rest of the components discussed here may be rendered useless, and the security of the home would crumble. The control panel is a simple touchpad where you enter pass codes to arm or disarm different components of the security system. Apart from connecting to the various security devices such as motion detectors and cameras, the control panel is also your primary link to your security company’s monitoring system.
2. Door and window sensors
Door and window sensors work in a very simple way. Two parts of a sensor are placed at an adjoining sill or frame in such a way that when the door or window is closed, the sensors come in touch, and when open, the sensors drift apart. When the sensors are in touch (door/windows closed), the home is noted as secure. When they are apart (doors/windows open), the home is noted as not secure.
3. Surveillance cameras
As the name suggests, surveillance cameras are meant for round-the-clock monitoring of the home. There are two main types of security cameras; wired and wireless.
Whichever type you choose, the cameras’ main job will be to capture motion in a defined area and send video feed to the security company. Today’s cameras are also designed in such a way that they provide live video feed to the homeowner’s smartphone.
4. Motion sensors
While cameras can also capture motion, you need a special motion detector to listen to the slightest movements in the home, even those that aren’t in the installed cameras’ ranges. Motion sensor uses microwave pulses, ultrasonic waves, or infrared heat to detect motion. Whenever there is motion, even a slight one, in the area monitored by motion sensors, a signal will be sent to the security company.
5. Carbon monoxide detectors
We all know that carbon monoxide can be very dangerous. If a human is exposed to the gas for just several seconds, there would be suffocation and even death. It has happened many times. The detectors are often placed outside bedroom doors. If there is a significant rise in carbon monoxide levels in the home, the detector will sound an alarm until the levels reduce to a desirable level. There are three main types of carbon monoxide detectors; electro-thermal sensors, biometric sensors, and metal oxide semi-conductors.
6. A security alarm
Alarms are another critical component of a home security system. When choosing an alarm for home security purposes, ensure that it is a high decibel one that is loud enough to be heard by your neighbors.
That’s the only way to ensure that your neighbors can always come to help when you’re in distress. Sometimes the alarm might be sounded when the homeowner isn’t around or if you’re sleeping. If it is loud enough, the neighbors will still be able to hear and help out.
7. Electric door locks
With the significant advancements in security technology, you can now arm your doors with highly effective and very reliable electric door locks that can actually differentiate a homeowner from an intruder. Also known as smart door locks, these locks can determine when the door is locked and when it is open. Then, they can instantly send an alert to the homeowner. Most of all, they allow you to lock your door even when you’re in the office!
8. The key fob
A key fob is a simple device, small enough to be carried in the pocket, which allows you to control different home security components remotely.
9. A cellular backup
And, finally, there is a cellular backup that ensures that even when the power goes out in the home for a while, there will always be enough power for continued security monitoring.
For complete home security, all the nine components discussed here must work together.